From Aeon Magazine, this is an essay by a philosophy professor. He says that when a person’s beliefs are based on “wilful ignorance”, when they are “false, or morally repugnant, or irresponsible, or dangerous” then we have no right to believe in them.
“Consider those who believe that the lunar landings or the Sandy Hook school shooting were unreal, government-created dramas; that Barack Obama is Muslim; that the Earth is flat; or that climate change is a hoax. In such cases, the right to believe is proclaimed as a negative right; that is, its intent is to foreclose dialogue, to deflect all challenges; to enjoin others from interfering with one’s belief-commitment. The mind is closed, not open for learning. They might be ‘true believers’, but they are not believers in the truth.”
When we refuse to learn, we give up our right to believe in “our facts”.
What’s a game? What’s a sport?
How would you explain the differences?
This short piece from 1843 gives us a little background about the word “sport” as opposed to “game”. It explains that bridge (a card game) has been declared a sport, not just a game, by the European Council of Justice.
It made me think of a scene in a movie called “What Women Want” (Japanese title: ハート・オブ・ウーマン). The main characters work for an advertising agency and they’re making a commercial for Nike. Here’s the clip:
Here’s another clip that shows a bit more background. The premise of this rather silly movie is that the man (played by Mel Gibson) can read women’s minds. IMDb calls it a “romantic fantasy comedy” and it plays with the idea of stereotypical “macho” men and the women who have to deal with blatant gender inequality at work.
Everyone wants to be happy, right? According to this philosophy professor who teaches a class on Happiness, it’s quite simple:
“The answer is that we should strive to lead a rooted, or worthwhile life.” (The emphasis is mine.)
Read more here: “What the Aztecs can teach us about happiness and the good life” (from Aeon)
And you can listen, too, by clicking on this in the page:
To sum up, they believed in four steps or levels to find harmony in body, mind, community and nature:
- Build character — or “ground yourself” — by taking care of your body.
- Repair your psyche: find a balance between “heart”/desire and “face”/judgment.
- Find your role in your community: what can you offer society?
- Call it spirituality or whatever, but learn to find wonder in nature.
Is it okay to tell white lies? They are those small lies people tell to spare the feelings of others. For instance, if a friend asks you if you like her new haircut, and you really don’t, but you tell her it looks nice because she’s your friend. Is it better to be completely honest?
The philosopher Immanuel Kant believed that we should never lie. Here’s a very brief explanation:
I was thinking about Kant the other day because I was doing the “Philosophical ideas everyone should know” course on Highbrow (which I introduced on my language learning TOOLS site a while ago). He’s a name we all know, but how many of us know what his key philosophical ideas were? I’d forgotten. Now I know again.
You’re never too old to stop learning. Should we stop lying, though?